Srisailam Temple, also known as Bhramaramba Mallikarjunaswamy Temple, is situated on the top of Nallamalai Hills, on the right side of the River Krishna. The river is called here as Patala Ganga. Srisailam Temple is one of the 12 Lord Shiva Jyotirlinga temples.
It is said that Vrishabha, the sacred bull of Lord Shiva, performed penance at Srisailam. Lord Shiva and his consort, Parvati, appeared before him, in the forms of Mallikarjuna and Bharamaramba. And hence the temple is known as Bhramaramba Mallikarjunaswamy Temple.
Another legend has it that Goddess Parvati, in the form of a bee, killed the demon Mahisasura. Visitors can hear the vibrant sound of a bee through a tiny hole in the Brahmaramba temple.
Dated back to 2nd century, the history of Srisailam is referred in the ancient Hindu Puranas and mythological texts. Built in the Dravidian style, the temple is renowned for fort like walls and exquisite sculptural work. The temple was visited by famous emperors such as the Sathavahanas, the Ikshavakus, the Pallavas, the Vishnukundis, the Chalukyas, the Kakatiyas, the Reddy Kings, the Vijayanagara Emperors and Chatrapathi Shivaji. There are around 116 inscriptions in and around the shrine and many sculptures are found on its northern, eastern and southern walls.