How to Do Surya Namaskar Steps Mantras

Learn how to do Surya Namaskar, its advantages, Surya Namaskar mantras, and the step by step poses and position of the 12 postures of Sun Salutation. Surya Namaskar, which literally means ‘Salutation to The Sun God’, is a complete meditative technique and one of the popular forms of Hatha Yoga. Surya Namaskar includes Asanas, Pranayama, Mantras and Mudras and practicing this technique daily is beneficial for the health of the individuals. 

The Pranayama of Surya Namaskar helps for the flow of fresh oxygen into your body and mind and the various body movements stretch all the important organs of the body. Surya Namaskar includes the combination of 12 different postures with a specific breathing pattern which helps to strengthen and unblock the whole system.
Surya Namaskar Sun Salutation Mantras Postures Picture

How to do Surya Namaskar - Sun Salutation Steps & Postures

Morning is the right time to practice Surya Namaskar as the early morning sunrays are rich source of Vitamin D which is required for strong bones and clear eyesight. You can use a carpet or a small piece of cloth for doing this. There are twelve mantras for each of the twelve postures and these mantras are to be recited for each posture.

Following are the different postures in Surya Namaskar
Surya Namaskar First Posture Namaskarasana

First Posture – Namaskarasana

You should be in a standing position with palms folded in front of your chest, feet together and toes touching each other. Breathe as usual and recite the mantra.

Mantra - Om Mitrayah Namaha

Advantages - The mind and body turn out to be healthy

Second Posture – Parvatasana

Surya Namaskar Second Posture ParvatasanaLift your arms over your head and shoulders, with palms touching each other. The biceps should touch the ears. Inhale and stretch your abdomen to the maximum extent and tilt backwards.

Mantra - Om Ravaye Namah

Advantages - A good exercise for the shoulders and the food pipe (Esophagus). Vision is also enhanced.

Third Posture - Namaskara Hastapadasana

Surya Namaskar Third Posture Namaskara HastapadasanaBreathe in deeply and hold the breath. Bend forward without folding the knees and keep the palms on the floor. Touch your knees with the forehead and exhale deeply. Initially, if you are not able to keep the palms on the floor, you can just touch it with the fingers.

Mantra - Om Suryaya Namaha

Advantages -  This exercise is a remedy for belly and digestive ailments. The chest and hands become strong and your body grows to be well balanced. Also, diseases of the feet and fingers are set right.

Fourth Posture - Ekapada Prasaranasana

Surya Namaskar Fourth Posture Ekapada PrasaranasanaBreathe in and drag your right leg backward, with the knee and fingers of the foot touching the floor. Press hard the abdomen and belly such that they touch the left leg. Now raise your head as high as possible and look upward. Hold breath and resume in the posture for sometime. 

Mantra - Om Bhanave Namaha

Advantages - As this exercise stretches the small intestine and the seminal vesicles, it is a good remedy for constipation and diseases of the liver. Besides, thinness of the semen and diseases of throat are also corrected.

Fifth Posture - Bhudharasana

Surya Namaskar Fifth Posture BhudharasanaBreathe in deeply and hold it. Pull both the legs backwards and keep the thumbs of the feet, ankles and knees touching each other. Keep the head, waist, the back and the elbows in a line and bend forward with the palms on the floor. Your body looks like a bow now.

Mantra - Om Khagaya Namaha

Advantages - This movement helps to relieve from the pains - especially of arms, legs and the knees. It is also good for the abdominal disorders.

Sixth Posture - Ashthanga Pranipatasana

Surya Namaskar Sixth Posture Ashthanga PranipatasanaInhale and hold the breath. Keep the knees on the floor and make the chest and forehead to touch the floor. The palms are to be placed on the side of the chest. Ensure that the abdomen should not touch the floor and drag it.

Mantra - Om Pusane Namaha

Advantages - This exercise makes the arms strong and if ladies perform this Asana before getting pregnant, the child could be prevented from many diseases.
Surya Namaskar Seventh Posture Bhujangasana
Seventh Position – Bhujangasana

Inhaling the breath, lower your waist and raise your upper body. Now look upwards and keep the arms straight.

Mantra - Om Hiranya-Garbhaya Namaha

Surya Namaskar Eight Posture BhudharasanaAdvantages - Apart from toning up the body and the back muscles, this Asana improves eyesight. Disorders related to the reproductive system and the irregularities in female’s menstrual cycle are corrected. Also improves blood circulation.

Eighth Posture – Bhudharasana

This position is the same as that of Bhudharasana, explained in fifth position.

Surya Namaskar Ninth Posture Ekapada PrasaranasanaMantra - Om Marichiye Namaha

Ninth Posture - Ekapada Prasaranasana

Repeat the process of fourth position.

Mantra - Om Adityaya Namaha

Surya Namaskar Tenth Posture Namaskara HastapadasanaTenth Posture - Namaskara Hastapadasana

The position is same as that of the third one.

Mantra - Om Savitre Namaha

Eleventh Posture – Parvatasana

The procedure is same as that of step two.

Surya Namaskar Eleventh Posture ParvatasanaMantra - Om Arkaya Namaha

Twelfth Posture – Namaskarasana

Same as that of first position

Mantra - Om Bhaskaraya Namaha

This full round of Surya Namaskar can be repeated as many times as possible.
Surya Namaskar 12th Twelfth Posture Namaskarasana
“Om Sri Savitra Soorya Narayanaaya Namah”



Hindu God Surya



  1. it is very good , every indian should follo rather than going to artificial gyms . which is hsving heavy drawbacks too.

  2. itis very informative every hindu should follow . the great yogas & avoid to go for gym & save money .

  3. Thank you for this article. It is real
    that the steps and mantras very useful to
    the body. I performed two years in my young
    age. But I discontinued because of work.


  4. Thanks for such good work for community

  5. Amazingly explained each and every asana... the post is equivalent to a video :-)

    Disclaimer: I do not know how far the advantages are true


Post a Comment